Operating System क्या है ? With Full Information?

Namaste! Hello dosto kaise hain aap sab aap sabhi ka bahut bahut swagat hai hamare is artical mein to chaliye doston aaj ka iss artical me hum janenge ki Opreating system kya hota hai.



INTRODUCTION :-

To sab jante hain ki operating system kya hota hai kyunki iska istemal ham roj computer ya mobile ke jariye kar rahe hain jiss tarah mobile aur internet hamare jindagi ka jaruri hissa ban gaya hai jiske Bina hum aapke samay mein ek kam bhi nahin kar sakte thik usi tarah mobile aur computer ko Kai tarah se kam karne ke liye operating system banaya gaya hai Jo unke liye behad jaruri hai Jaise ham Insan ki
sharir mein bahut se aang hote hain Jo hamen sare kam karne ke liye like banate hain bhale hi koi aang kaam karna band kar de to fir bhi ham Jinda rahte hain.

Operating system kya hai..


Operating system jise chote se roop mein OS bhi kaha jata hai yah ek system software hai jo computer ke hardware aur software ke bich sabhi kamon ko sanchalan Karta hai operating system ek Aisa software hai jo user or computer ke bich ek interface pradan Karta hai jiske jarie user computer ke sath communicate kar pata hai aur iske liye user ko computer ki Bhasha samajhne ki jarurat bhi hoti hai.

Sabhi computer ko sahi tarah se kam karne ke liye aur dusri application ya program Ko run karne ki OS ki avashyakta hoti hai Chrome, MS word, games, Photoshop, ityadi Jaise aap application ko ek madhyam ya platform ki jarurat hai jismein wo run kar sake aur apne task ko pura kar sake aur yah platform unhen OS pradan karte hain Bina operating system ke computer bekar hai.

Computer operating system bahut se chote chote program ka samuh hota hai jise ek sath jodkar system ke storage device mein rakha jata hai yahi program ka samuh hai jo ki computer ki resources jaise ki hardware aur unke karya ko manage karta hai computer ke hardware Apne pal per Kam nahin kar sakte aur na hi ek dusre ke sath intract kar sakte hain isiliye operating system dwara kiye jaane wale electronic signal ke dwara hi yah hardware apna kam pura kar paate Hain.

Computer mein load hone wala pahla program hota hai yah computer ke hardware aur software ke bich bridge ki tarah kam karta hai taki yah dono ek dusre ke sath aasani se intact kar sake operating system ke Kai alag alag naam hai Lekin unka kam ek hi jaisa hota hai aur vah hai user ko system ke sath communicate kar pana aur hardware ko manage karna.


 Pramukh OS ke naam:-

● Windows OS
● Mac OS
● Linux OS
● Ubuntu OS
● Android OS
● iOS OS
● Ms dos OS
● Symbian OS

Operating system kya kaam karta hai.?

Operating system computer ka sabse jaruri program hota hai jo ki sabhi sadharan mahatvpurn karya karta hai Jaise keyboard dwara input ja rahe Hain ki ko samajhna output ko screen per dikhana hard disc per files aur directory ko manage karna aur computer ke sabhi paath ko communicate karna yah sari chijen Shamil hai iske alava yah aur bhi Kai tarah ki karya karne mein saksham hai.


1. Memory management :- Primary memory main memory ke management ko hi memory management kaha jata hai operating system primary memory ke har ek karya ko track Karta hai yani iska kon sa bhag kiske upyog mein hai aur kon sa bhag upyog mein nahin hai memory kaha istemal ho rahi hai kitni memory istemal ho rahi hai iska pata lagata hai aur mangne per memory uplabdh bhi karvata hai multi processing ke samay OS tay karta hai ki kis prakriya ko kam aur kitni memory milegi jab koi program ka karya khatm ho jata hai to yah alag ke allocate ki gai memory ko wapas conserve karta hai.

2. Processor management:-  Yah program Ko processor CPU allocate karta hai jab kisi program Ko CPU ki jarurat khatm ho jaati hai to ise deallocated bhi karta hai.

3.Device management:- OS sabhi device ki jankari rakhta hai controller bhi karte Hain taki OS yah bhi nirnay leta hai ki kisi program Ko kaun si device di jaaye kab di jaaye tatha kitne samay ke liye di jaaye.

4 File management:- Yah resource ko allocate tatha deallocate karta hai tatha yah nirnay leta hai ki kis program ko resource di jaaye arthat allocate ki jaaye.

5. Security:- Yah kisi bhi program ya data ko unauthorized access se bachata hai inmein password tatha anya takniko ka istemal kiya jata hai.

6. Reliability:- yah bahut hi reliable hota hai kyu ki ismein kisi bhi virus tatha hanikarak codes ko detect kiya ja sakta hai.

7. Cost:- Operating system ka cost iske fuatures ke aadhar per nirdharit hota hai jaise window ki cost 100 $  ke aas paas hoti hai jabki DOS tatha UNIX operating system free hai.

8. Ease of use :- Ise asani se use kiya ja sakta hai kyunki ismein GUI interface bhi hota hai.




Advantages of operating system:-

● Ise aasani se use Kiya ja sakta hai kyunki iska graphical user interface hota hai aur naye user iske dwara computer ko aasani se chala sakte hai.

● Iske dwara ham ek data ko bahut sare user ke sath share kar sakte hai.

● Iske dwara ham resource ko share kar sakte hain jaise printer.

● Inhen aasani se update kiya ja sakta hai

● Yah surakshit secure hota hai Jaise window mein window defender hota hai jo ki kisi bhi prakar ki hanikarak file ko detect kar leta hai aur unhen remove kar deta hai.

● Iske dwara ham koi bhi game ya software install kar sakte hain aur unhen chala sakte hain.

● Kuch operating system jaise LINUX open source hote hai inhen ham free mein Apne computer par run kar sakte hai.

Disadvantage of operating system:-

● Kuch operating system free hote hain parantu kuch mange hote hain jaise window ki kimat lagbhag 5000 se 10000₹ tak hoti hai.

● Linux ko chalana thoda mushkil hota hai windows ki tulna mein.

● Yah kabhi kabhi kisi hardware ko support nahi karti hai.

● Mac OS mein viruses ka khatra jyada rehta hai.

Conclusion:-

Is lekh mein humne Jana ki computeara Kiya jata hai iske alava operating system ki avashyakta aur iske kuchh shreniyon se bhi avgat Hui hamen ummid hai ki yah lekh aapke liye upyog sabit hua har ke hardware tatha Anya sansadhanon ka sanchalan operating system ke dwi yadi aapko koi shanka hai ya koi Anya sawal hai to aap comment ke jarie puch sakte hain.

Is tarah ka aur bhi acha acha information ke liye is website mein visit karte rahana aur doston ke sath share bhi karte rahna dhanyawad.




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